Patient with knee pain essay
Knee replacement surgery is a technique that removes a diseased knee joint and replaces it with an artificial joint (prosthesis) the most common reason for this operation is severe osteoarthritis, which causes relentless pain, joint deformity and mobility problems knee replacement surgery is known as ‘total knee arthroplasty. Tocalculate your patient’s body mass index, insert your patient’s weight in pounds and height in feet and inches according to the new guidelines, overweight is a bmi of 25-299 while obesity is a bmi of 30 or greater (a bmi of 30 is about 30 lbs overweight. “clinical practice guidelines are systematically developed statements to assist practitioner and patient decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances” (institute of medicine, 1990) issued by third-party organizations, and not nccih, these guidelines define the role of specific diagnostic and treatment.
Patient with knee pain - mrs jones is a 65 year old white female patient, who medical history is unremarkable and current medical diagnosis is joint pain –l/leg loc prim osteoart-l/leg patient has experience pain to left knee about one years ago, received injection to left knee but did not help with pain , pain became worse mrs jones under. Nursing case study i assessment 1 description of client the patient i am using for my nursing case study is a 53 year old white female she weighs 210 pounds and her height is 67” tall she is a well-developed, well nourished female my patient had been a smoker for ten years she is currently a social drinker, and wears glasses for driving. Pain champions work to increase patient involvement and engagement in managing their pain through patient education that focuses on their role in self-care practices that can reduce pain, as well as setting appropriate expectations about pain levels. Revision in 2004), chronic pain in both ankles, and calf claudication pain after walking less than ½ block, with nightly leg cramps cognition/language: patient is oriented x3, with attention, memory and safety.
To understand the common causes of severe knee pain, it helps to know a little about how the knee works the knee is the joint between the bones of the upper leg and the bones of the lower leg it allows the leg to bend and provides stability to support the weight of the body the knee supports motions such as walking, running, crouching. The patient suffering from acute pain and unstable knees, in order to gain a pain relief and a functional movement, requires a total knee replacement surgery prophylaxis and early mobilization can reduce the complications and morbidity caused. Remember that tkr surgery is elective it is not an emergency so the patient’s condition should be optimized before embarking on surgery a detailed medical history should be obtained to prevent potential complications that can be life threatening or limb threatening b/c most pts undergoing tkr are elderly, comorbid diseases must be.
What is pain/types of pain treated pain is an uncomfortable feeling that tells you something may be wrong it can be steady, throbbing, stabbing, aching, pinching, or described in many other ways sometimes, it’s just a nuisance, like a mild headache other times it can be debilitating. Orthopaedic nursing 101 improving a patient’s recovery adequate pain control promotes earlier mobilization and improves circulation fractures cms checks: - pulses distal to injury (palpable or need doppler) - capillary refill - color - motor function distal to fracture - sensory function distal to fracture fractures cont open fracture- high. Total knee replacement, also called total knee arthroplasty, is a highly successful surgical procedure which involves replacement of all three compartments of the knee (the medial compartment (inside aspect of the knee), the lateral compartment (outside of the knee) and the patellofemoral compartment (in front of the knee). To help healthcare professionals use the 4 as clinically, passik and colleagues created a simple charting device called the pain assessment and documentation tool (padt™) 34 the padt is a two-sided chart note that can be easily included in the patient's medical record and is designed to be intuitive, pragmatic, and adaptable to clinical. Treatment plan are decreasing pain, decreasing swelling and inflammation, decreasing muscle spasms, increasing ranges of motion, increasing the ability to perform normal activities of daily living, increasing strength, returning the patient.
What is osgood-schlatter disease osgood-schlatter disease (osd) is an inflammation of the bone, cartilage, and/or tendon at the top of the shinbone (tibia), where the tendon from the kneecap (patella) attachesit's really not a disease, but an overuse injury osd is one of the most common causes of knee pain in adolescents. Clinical decisions the new england journal of medicine 580 n engl j med 3766 nejmorgfebruary 9, 2017 interactive at nejmorg thromboprophylaxis after knee arthroscopy this interactive feature addresses the approach to a clinical issue. This is used as a splint to minimize pressure and helps to control pain when the patient is coughing a small pillow or folded towel may be used in place of laced fingers see figure 1-4 a small pillow or folded towel may be used in. Osteoarthritis is a disease that damages the slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones in a joint this allows bones to rub together, causing pain and stiffness.
- Patient positioning during surgery objectives exam importance of proper positioning in various surgical procedures define and demonstrate appropriate patient positioning during general and regional anesthesia identify common injuries related to inappropriate positioning define expected and potential physiologic changes related to patient position why is positioning important patient.
- The underlying cause of a patient’s knee pain is not always a straightforward process knee pain, for example, can result from damage to soft tissue at the knee, knee pain, for example, can result from damage to soft tissue at the knee.
- Multidimensional scale that comprehensively evaluates the pain experience in people with hip or knee oa, independent of the effect of pain on physical function an 11‐item scale evaluating 2 pain domains: constant pain and intermittent pain (pain.
Pain management following a total knee replacement a good nursing care is very important contributing factor for better outcome after major surgical procedure patients require high standard of nursing care particularly after orthopaedic surgery (hilton 2004)all nurses get exposure to post operative recovery room and ward during their. Osteoarthritis (oa) is a type of joint disease that results from breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone the most common symptoms are joint pain and stiffness initially, symptoms may occur only following exercise, but over time may become constant other symptoms may include joint swelling, decreased range of motion. Treatment planning introduction in this session, you will learn about the development of a pain treatment plan although the goals and expectations will depend on the type of pain, certain underlying principles of treatment are broadly applicable. On the basis of the sum of this data, the clinician can come to an informed conclusion about the importance/cause of this patient's chest pain (eg angina, heartburn, pulmonary embolism, etc), and use it to guide their subsequent decision making.